C Program to demonstrate isalpha, isdigit, is space.

C Program to demonstrate the following functions:isalpha, isdigit, isspace.The same principles apply to isalnum, iscntrl, isgraph,islower, isprint, ispunct, isupper, isxdigit.
In the standard library ctype.h all the above functions are declared.
All the subroutines mentioned here, returns non zero(true), If the checked argument is true for the respective subroutines. Read more about C Programming Language .

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#include <stdio.h> /* printf */
#include <ctype.h> /* isalpha isdigit isspace etc */

#define FALSE 0
#define TRUE 1

/* function declarations */
int char_type(char);

main()
{
char ch;
/* get a character from the keyboard */
printf(" Please enter a charcater => ");
ch = getc(stdin);

char_type(ch); /* Figure out the character type */


}

//char_type:decides the character type
int char_type(char ch)
{
/* returns non zero if A-Z or a-z */
if ( isalpha(ch) != FALSE)
printf("%c is an Alpha character.n",ch);

/* returns non zero if 0-9 */
if ( isdigit(ch) != FALSE)
printf("%c is a numeric character.n",ch);

/* returns non zero if a space, CR, Tab, NL FF */
if ( isspace(ch) != FALSE)
printf("%c is white spacen", ch);

}

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K & R C Programs Exercise 7-9.

K and R C, Solution to Exercise 7-9:
K and R C Programs Exercises provides the solution to all the exercises in the C Programming Language (2nd Edition). You can learn and solve K&R C Programs Exercise.
Write a C Functions like isupper() can be implemented to save space or to save time. Explore both possibilities. Read more about C Programming Language .
isupper: return 1 (true) if c is an upper case letter
Normal C function:

int  isupper(char c)
{
if (c >= 'A' && c <= 'Z')
return 1;
else
return 0;
}

This simple code tests the character is upper or lower , If the character within the range of ASCII upper case letters it returns 1, otherwise 0.
To save space or to save time using the macros is the best possibility
C Code:

#define isupper(c)  ((c) > = 'A' && (c) <= 'Z') ? 1:0

Macro version of isupper is more efficient because, there is no overhead of the function call and it uses more space because the macro is expanded in line every time it is invoked.

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